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American Nurses Association v. Illinois

United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
783 F.2d 716 (7th Cir. 1986)


Facts

Twenty-one state employees and two nurses associations, including the American Nurses Association (Nurses) (plaintiff), filed a class action suit against the State of Illinois (defendant), alleging sex discrimination in employment in violation of Title VII. The Nurses alleged that the state paid workers in primarily female job classifications an unjustifiably lower amount than workers in predominately male job classifications of similar relative worth. Attached to the Nurses’ twenty page complaint was a one hundred page appendix, which was a comparable worth study. The state moved to dismiss the complaint, and the district judge did so under Rule 12(b)(6), finding that the case was a comparable worth case and that failure to pay workers comparable worth did not violate federal law.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Posner, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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