Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Croatia v. Serbia)
International Court of Justice
In 1999, Croatia (plaintiff) sued what is now known as Serbia (defendant) in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for alleged violations of the 1948 Genocide Convention (Convention). Croatia alleged Serbia violated the Convention from 1991 to 1995 by directly engaging in or encouraging acts of “ethnic cleansing” of Croats in certain parts of Croatia. Croatia argued that the ICJ had jurisdiction over the matter pursuant to Article IX of the Convention. Serbia raised several preliminary objections to the ICJ’s jurisdiction. Among others, Serbia argued that its predecessor, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), did not automatically become a party to the Convention upon dissolution of its own predecessor, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). Croatia argued that on April 27, 1992, the FRY made a declaration that it would “strictly abide by all the commitments that the SFRY had assumed.” Serbia responded by arguing that a much more specific notification would be required for the secession of a treaty. The ICJ considered the case and the general requirements for the process by which a State becomes bound by a treaty as a successor State or remains bound as a continuing State.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 170,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.