Georgia (plaintiff) brought suit in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against the Russian Federation (Russia) (defendant) for alleged violation of the Convention on Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) regarding ethnic conflict in South Ossetia and Abkhazia (parts of Russia) and neighboring areas of Georgia. Georgia alleged Russia sought to forcibly displace individuals with Georgian nationality from the region and prevent Georgia from exercising jurisdiction over areas in the region constituting Georgian territory. Georgia cited a history of racially discriminatory policies on the part of Russia in the region, as well as harassment of Georgian nationals. Additionally, Georgia alleged Russian invaded its territory on August 8, 2008 and enacted racially discriminatory policies since then. Russia disputed these allegations. Georgia requested the ICJ issue provisional measures requiring Russia to refrain from any discriminatory violations of the rights of ethnic Georgians, and to comply with other provisions of the CERD.