Argentina v. Uruguay (Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay)
International Court of Justice
2010 I.C.J. 135 (Apr. 20)
The Statute of the River Uruguay (Statute), a 1975 treaty between Uruguay (defendant) and Argentina (plaintiff), established the Administrative Commission of the River Uruguay (CARU), a bilateral commission intended to facilitate the nations’ joint management of the Uruguay River (River), which formed the international boundary between the two nations. Article 7 of the Statute required a party planning any projects that might affect the River to notify CARU, which would in turn decide if the plan had the potential to injure the other party. If so, the acting party would be required to inform the other party of the project. Argentina and Uruguay also agreed that the acting party was required to undertake an environmental-impact assessment to determine the extent of any damage that the plan might cause. Article 41 of the Statute imposed a substantive obligation upon the nations to protect the marine life of the River and to prevent pollution through the implementation of appropriate regulations. Uruguay authorized two companies, Botnia and ENCE, to build two pulp mills next to the River. Argentina argued that the authorizations violated procedural as well as substantive obligations under the Statute because Uruguay (1) did not refer its plans to CARU, (2) did not notify Argentina of the plans, and (3) conducted an insufficient environmental-impact assessment because Uruguay did not consider alternative mill sites as required under international law. Uruguay offered a study establishing that at least four other mill sites had been considered. After CARU was unable to resolve the dispute, Argentina brought the case before the International Court of Justice, requesting that the already constructed Botnia mill be taken down.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 173,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.