Wayne Kennedy (plaintiff) worked for the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) (defendant), a federal agency. The OEO fired Kennedy for cause. After the termination, Kennedy was given an opportunity to respond orally and in writing to the reasons for his termination. Kennedy’s termination was upheld. Kennedy brought suit, alleging that he was entitled to a pre-termination hearing. The Lloyd-La Follette Act granted civil service employees certain job-security rights. The act provided that a termination hearing was not required but could be provided by the terminating agency. The court of appeals ruled in favor of Kennedy. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.