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Avila v. Citrus Community College District

Supreme Court of California
131 P.3d 383 (2006)


Facts

Avila (plaintiff) was participating in a preseason college baseball game against a team played, coached, and hosted by the District (defendant). During the game, a pitcher for the District’s team hit Avila in the head with a pitch, possibly intentionally in retaliation for a prior hit batter. No umpires were present at the game, and the District failed to provide medical attention for Avila. Avila sustained injuries caused by the pitch, and brought a negligence claim against the District. The district claimed that it owed no duty of care to Avila. The trial court agreed and dismissed the case, but the court of appeals reversed and held in favor of Avila.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Werdegar, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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