Logourl black
From our private database of 13,800+ case briefs...

Baber v. Hospital Corporation of America

United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
977 F.2d 872 (1992)


Facts

Brenda Baber (plaintiff), accompanied by her brother, Barry, entered Raleigh General Hospital’s (RGH) (defendant) emergency department complaining of nausea, agitation, and believing she might be pregnant. She also had stopped taking her anti-psychosis medications and had recently been drinking. After an unsuccessful attempt to place Brenda in restraints, Dr. Richard Kline (defendant) examined her and ordered several lab tests, including a pregnancy test. He also gave her several sedative medications which failed to work. While roaming the emergency department, Brenda experienced a seizure and fell, hitting her head on a table and lacerating her scalp that required stitches to close. At that point, she was disoriented, restless, and anxious, which Kline believed to be linked to her psychiatric illness, paranoia, and alcohol withdrawal. Brenda was transferred to the psychiatric unit at Beckley Appalachian Regional Hospital (BARH) where she had previously received treatment from Dr. Joseph Whelan (defendant) Kline did not believe Brenda’s head injury to be serious enough to warrant further observation at RGH. Barry Baber neither consented nor objected to the transfer. After being admitted directly to BARH, Brenda suffered a grand mal seizure. She was transferred back to the RGH to receive neurological treatment. She was comatose upon transfer and died the following day. Barry filed suit against Kline and Whelan, RGH, BARH, and the parent corporations of both hospitals for alleged violations of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA). Specifically, Barry Baber contends that Kline, RGH, and the parent corporation, Hospital Corporation of America (HCA) (defendant) failed to provide Brenda with an appropriate medical screening examination, failed to stabilize her emergency medical condition, and transferred her to BARH without first providing stabilizing treatment. The defendants moved to dismiss the action under Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6). The district court granted summary judgment for Kline and Whelan because it found that the EMTALA does not give patients a private cause of action against physicians. Barry Baber, as plaintiff’s state administrator, appealed.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Williams, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 166,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.