Ball v. James
United States Supreme Court
451 U.S. 355 (1981)
The Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (the Salt River District or SRD) stored and delivered untreated water to the owners of land comprising 236,000 acres in central Arizona. The SRD sold electricity in order to subsidize its water operations. The state legislature permitted the SRD to limit voting for its directors to voters, otherwise regularly qualified under state law, who owned land within the district, and to apportion voting power among those landowners according to the number of acres owned. James (plaintiff) brought a lawsuit in federal district court against Ball (defendant), a district official, on behalf of a class of voters in the district that either owned no land or less than one acre of land. James argued that the voting scheme based on property ownership violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. The district court upheld the voting scheme as constitutional and dismissed the complaint, but the court of appeals reversed. Ball appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stewart, J.)
Concurrence (Powell, J.)
Dissent (White, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 174,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.