New York Court of Appeals
848 N.E.2d 463 (2006)
Reinhardt Jahnke and his family owned and operated a dairy farm. Jahnke permitted a bull named Fred to roam freely in an area of the farm’s large barn, known as the low cow district which held approximately 130 cows, in order to impregnate any cows that had failed to conceive through artificial insemination. Fred had never been restrained within the low cow district, and none of Jahnke’s bulls had ever threatened, injured, or attacked another person or farm animal. Jahnke’s son asked John Timer to do some repair work in the low cow district, and Timer asked Larry Bard to assist him. Neither Jahnke nor anyone else at the farm knew that Timer would be present on the day he arrived to do the repairs, or that Bard would be working with Timer. While working on the repairs, Fred charged Bard and severely injured him. Bard (plaintiff) sued Jahnke (defendant). Bard’s expert, a professor of animal science, stated that bulls, and breeding bulls in particular, are generally dangerous and vicious animals, and that Jahnke should have restrained Fred or warned Bard of Fred’s presence. The trial court ruled for Bard on summary judgment. Jahnke appealed to the Appellate Division which reversed on the ground of Jahnke’s lack of knowledge of the vicious nature of Fred. The Court of Appeals of New York granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Read, J.)
Dissent (Smith, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 200,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.