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Bayliner Marine Corp. v. Crow

Supreme Court of Virginia
509 S.E.2d 499 (1999)


Facts

In August 1989, John R. Crow (plaintiff) purchased a boat manufactured by Bayliner Marine Corporation (Bayliner) (defendant) to be used for offshore fishing. Prior to purchasing the boat, Crow asked the retailer what the maximum speed of the boat was, and the retailer gave him Bayliner’s promotional materials for the model that Crow had test driven. The materials described that model as having a maximum speed of 30 miles per hour provided certain conditions and specifications were in place. The materials also stated that this model was well suited for offshore fishing. The boat that Crow purchased proved to have a maximum speed of 23-25 miles per hour, and as a result, Crow found the boat unsuitable for offshore fishing. Crow’s boat had different specifications than the boat described in the promotional materials, including a smaller propeller and a higher gear weight. Crow brought an action against Bayliner as well as the retailer and the manufacturer of the engine alleging that the promotional materials created an express warranty that the boat he purchased would reach the maximum speed of 30 miles per hour as described in the written materials. He also alleged breaches of the implied warranty of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The trial court held in favor of Crow, and the defendants appealed.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Keenan, J.)

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  • A "yes" or "no" answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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