Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

Berger v. Hanlon

188 F.3d 1155 (1999)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 33,600+ case briefs...

Berger v. Hanlon

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit

188 F.3d 1155 (1999)

Facts

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) began investigating Paul Berger (plaintiff) for harming eagles. Cable News Network, Inc., and Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (the television networks) (defendants) entered into a written agreement with USFWS and the assistant United States attorney (the government officials) (defendants) handling the Berger investigation that allowed the television networks to film the execution of warrants on Berger for television shows on the environment. The television networks wanted footage showing Berger was harming the eagles, and the government wanted positive publicity for fighting environmental crime. The television networks were extensively involved in planning the warrant execution so it would be entertaining. The television networks instructed the federal agents executing the warrants to deviate from their usual behavior by adopting certain attitudes and saying certain things to make more interesting television. The lead agent wore a hidden microphone that transmitted live to television-network vans during the search. Berger filed a Bivens claim in federal court against the television networks and government officials, alleging violations of his constitutional rights, arguing that the television networks were liable as government actors because they acted in concert with the government officials. The district court held that the television networks did not become government actors for the purposes of liability. Berger appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Schroeder, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 603,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 603,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 33,600 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 603,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 33,600 briefs - keyed to 984 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership