From our private database of 15,100+ case briefs...

Bikram’s Yoga College of India, L.P. v. Evolation Yoga, LLC

United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
803 F.3d 1032 (2015)


Bikram Choudhury (plaintiff) immigrated from India to California to teach yoga. Drawing on hundreds of yoga poses that he had learned in his childhood, Choudhury selected 26 poses and 2 breathing exercises that he arranged into a special order called the Sequence. Choudhury began teaching 90-minute classes in a room set to 105 degrees using the Sequence and a specific series of instructions called the Dialogue. Choudhury published and copyrighted a book describing the Sequence’s poses and breathing exercises. Many years later, Choudhury registered the poses and breathing exercises contained in his book as a compilation with the U.S. Copyright Office. Choudhury also offered a course to train people who wished to become teachers. Mark Drost and Zefea Samson took Choudhury’s training course. After completing the course, Drost and Samson opened Evolation Yoga, LLC (Evolation) (defendant). Evolation offered a hot-yoga course that utilized 26 poses and 2 breathing exercises over the course of 90 minutes. Choudhury sued Evolation for copyright infringement, alleging that the Sequence was protected through his book’s copyright or, in the alternative, protected through his compilation’s copyright. Evolation moved for summary judgment. The district court held that the Sequence was a collection of facts and ideas and, for that reason, could not be copyrighted. The district court granted summary judgment to Evolation. Choudhury appealed.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Wardlaw, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 288,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 15,100 briefs, keyed to 205 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.