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Bitter v. United States

United States Supreme Court
389 U.S. 15 (1967)


Facts

Bitter (defendant) was on trial for multiple federal charges. The United States (plaintiff) rested its case earlier than expected and Bitter asked permission to leave the courtroom to retrieve evidence from his office. The court granted a 45 minute recess. Bitter returned to court 37 minutes late. The trial judge ordered Bitter to be held in custody for the remainder of the trial. Bitter was incarcerated in a jail 40 miles away from the courthouse. After being convicted of multiple charges, Bitter appealed the conviction directly to the Supreme Court on grounds that his detention was unjustified and materially interfered with his right to the representation of counsel.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

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Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question.

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Holding and Reasoning (Per Curiam)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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