United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit
587 F.3d 771 (7th Cir. 2009)
The Blochs (plaintiffs) are Jewish residents of a condominium building known as Shoreline Towers. As residents of Shoreline Towers, the Blochs are required to observe rules and regulations set out by the Condo Association’s Board of Managers (Association). In 2001, the Association enacted a new rule, known as Rule 1, which prohibits the placement of any objects outside unit doors. The Association initially relied on Rule 1 to keep hallways clear. In 2004, however, the Association reinterpreted Rule 1 to require the removal of religious and secular objects from doorposts. As observant Jews, the Blochs had a mezuzah, a Jewish symbol, affixed to the doorpost of their condominium for three decades. The Blochs were permitted to keep the mezuzah on their doorpost until 2004, when the Association began taking down mezuzot in accordance with its reinterpretation of Rule 1. On one occasion, the Blochs obtained assurances from Frischholz (defendant), the Association president, that the mezuzah would be allowed to remain on the Blochs’ doorpost while the family grieved for the loss of Marvin Bloch. The Association also provided a coat rack and card table in the hallway for visitors. However, during the funeral of Marvin Bloch, the Association removed the Blochs’ mezuzah, while leaving the coat rack and card table in the hallway. Around this time, the Blochs sought to resolve matters with Frischholz, but communications between the Blochs and Frischholz were hostile. The Blochs brought this suit seeking relief under the Fair Housing Act.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Tinder, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 240,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,200 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.