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Block v. Community Nutrition Institute
United States Supreme Court
467 U.S. 340, 104 S.Ct. 2450, 81 L.Ed.2d 270 (1984)
The Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937 (Act) authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary) (defendant) to issue milk market orders that set the minimum prices that handlers must pay to producers for their dairy products. Individual consumers of milk fluid products, a handler, and a nonprofit organization (plaintiffs) sued the Secretary under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), which creates a general cause of action for individuals adversely affected or aggrieved by agency action within the meaning of a relevant statute, unless the relevant statute precludes judicial review. The court of appeals concluded that the consumer-plaintiffs had standing to pursue the case based on the general presumption favoring judicial review of administrative action. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (O’Connor, J.)
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