Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status
From our private database of 16,400+ case briefs...

Board of Directors of Rotary International v. Rotary Club of Duarte

United States Supreme Court
481 U.S. 537 (1987)


The Rotary Club has historically been an all-male organization. The number of members varies, ranging from 20 to 900 members. Membership rosters are not static. Every year, approximately 10 percent of a club’s members leave. And even though membership is exclusive in that members have to meet certain requirements, clubs must admit fully qualified persons and cannot impose limits on how many members they admit. Furthermore, Rotary Club activities are not always private affairs. Members of other chapters can attend any Rotary Club meeting. Members may also invite visitors. The international organization encourages local clubs to seek newspaper coverage of meetings and other activities. When a California chapter admitted women to its roster, the international Rotary organization revoked the local California club’s charter. The California club and two female members (plaintiffs) sued the Rotary Club’s international board of directors (defendant) in state court. They argued that revoking the charter violated California’s Unruh Civil Rights Act.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning (Powell, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.

  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.

Here's why 373,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 16,400 briefs, keyed to 223 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Questions & Answers

Have a question about this case?

Sign up for a free 7-day trial and ask it

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial