From our private database of 14,000+ case briefs...
Bovard v. American Horse Enterprises, Inc.
Court of Appeal of California, Third District
247 Cal.Rptr. 340 (1988)
James Ralph (Ralph) (defendant) entered into an agreement with Robert Bovard (Bovard) (plaintiff) to purchase American Horse Enterprises, Inc. (Enterprises) (defendant). To effectuate the purchase, Ralph executed promissory notes. Upon Ralph's failure to make payment on the notes, Bovard commenced an action. During the trial there was testimony showing that Enterprises was engaged in the manufacture of both jewelry and drug paraphernalia used to smoke marijuana. The trial court then excused the jury to determine whether the contract for the sale of Enterprises was illegal and void. The trial court held that, although at the time the contract was entered into the manufacture of drug paraphernalia was not illegal, there was a state statute which made it unlawful to possess, use or transfer marijuana. It further held that implicit in this statute was a public policy against the manufacture of drug paraphernalia. The court concluded that the consideration tendered was contrary to this policy and declared that the contract was illegal and void. Bovard appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Puglia, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 201,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.