Bowsher v. Synar
United States Supreme Court
478 U.S. 714 (1986)
In 1985, Congress passed the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act (the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act) (Act) with the goal of reducing the federal budget deficit. A minimum acceptable amount was calculated for the budget deficit. If the actual deficit exceeded this amount, Congress authorized the Comptroller General to recommend mandatory budget cuts that would then be executed by the President of the United States. However, Congress retained ultimate removal power over the Comptroller General and could remove this official from office for “inefficiency,” “neglect of duty,” or “malfeasance.” Synar (plaintiff), a Congressman, challenged the constitutionality of the Act in federal district court against Bowsher (defendant), the Comptroller General, on the ground that the Act violated the separation of powers doctrine. The district court held that the Act was unconstitutional, and Bowsher appealed to the United States Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Burger, C.J.)
Dissent (White, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 148,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,300 briefs, keyed to 182 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.