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Breed v. Jones

421 U.S. 519 (1975)

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Breed v. Jones

United States Supreme Court

421 U.S. 519 (1975)

Facts

The state filed a petition in juvenile court alleging Jones (defendant) committed an armed robbery and was, therefore, delinquent. The juvenile court conducted an adjudicatory hearing and continued to a dispositional hearing. At the dispositional hearing, the juvenile court stated its intention to find Jones was not amenable to the care available through the juvenile court. Jones’s counsel objected, but the juvenile court subsequently declared Jones unfit for treatment as a juvenile. The state then charged Jones in criminal court with armed robbery. The criminal court found Jones guilty of robbery. Jones filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus, arguing his transfer to adult court and subsequent trial placed him in double jeopardy. The district court denied the petition, rejecting Jones’s argument that jeopardy attached at his adjudicatory hearing in juvenile court. The court of appeals reversed the district court, holding that applying the Double Jeopardy Clause is fully applicable to juvenile court proceedings. The state, including officials like Breed (plaintiff), appealed, and the Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Burger, C.J.)

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