In its original decision in Brown v. Board of Education (I), 347 U.S. 483 (1954), the United States Supreme Court held that racial discrimination in public education was unconstitutional. The Court upheld a challenge by Brown (plaintiff) to discriminatory racial policies in public schools operated by various boards of education (defendant) in several different states. However, in deciding the original case, the Court left open the question of the appropriate remedy for plaintiffs based on its holding. In the present case, the Court heard arguments from public schools requesting relief concerning the task of desegregation. The Court sought to further explain the specific requirements imposed on public schools in its previous holding that all schools must desegregate.