Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

Brzak v. The United Nations, et al.

597 F.3d 107 (2010)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 33,800+ case briefs...

Brzak v. The United Nations, et al.

United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

597 F.3d 107 (2010)

Facts

Cynthia Brzak and Nasr Ishak (plaintiffs) worked for Ruud Lubbers (defendant), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva. Brzak alleged that she was sexually harassed by Lubbers while they were working together. Brzak claimed that even though she made a complaint with Ishak’s help and Lubbers was supposed to be disciplined, Lubbers was exonerated and retaliated against Brzak and Ishak by negatively influencing work assignments and holding back promotions. Brzak and Ishak sued Lubbers and the United Nations in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York for sex discrimination and retaliation in violation of federal law. The Convention on Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations (CPIUN) was signed by the United States and provided the United Nations and its employees with absolute immunity from suit. The treaty’s terms stated that it was effective upon ratification. During the treaty’s negotiation and after the treaty entered into force, the United States expressed its belief that the treaty was self-executing. The United Nations moved to dismiss the claims due to this diplomatic immunity, and the district court granted the motion. Brzak and Ishak appealed, arguing that the treaty should not be enforced by United States courts because it was not self-executing.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Parker, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 607,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 607,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 33,800 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 607,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 33,800 briefs - keyed to 984 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership