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Burger v. Kemp

United States Supreme Court
483 U.S. 776 (1987)


Facts

Burger (defendant) and Stevens were charged with murder and tried separately. Leaphart was appointed to represent Burger and Leaphart’s law partner was appointed to represent Stevens. Both Burger and Stevens confessed, but at trial stated that the other was more culpable in the killing. Burger was the one who actually killed the victim. Both Burger and Stevens were convicted and both appealed. Leaphart had helped his partner in defending Stevens throughout and drafted the appellate briefs for both Burger and Stevens. Although Leaphart had argued for Burger at trial that Stevens was more culpable, he omitted that argument in Burger’s appellate brief. Burger was convicted and filed a federal petition for habeas relief, arguing that Leaphart’s failure to raise the culpability issue in the appellate brief rendered his assistance ineffective in violation of Burger’s constitutional right to counsel. The district court rejected Burger’s claim and the court of appeals affirmed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.

Rule of Law

The rule of law is the black letter law upon which the court rested its decision.

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Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question.

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Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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Dissent (Blackmun, J.)

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