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Campbell Soup Co. v. Wentz

United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
172 F.2d 80 (1948)


Facts

Campbell Soup Company (Campbell) (plaintiff) contracted with George B. Wentz and Harry T. Wentz (Wentz) (defendants) to purchase all of the Chantenay red cored carrots that they grew on their farm during the 1947 growing season. Campbell agreed to purchase the carrots at prices ranging from $23 to $30 per ton, depending on when the carrots were to be delivered. Chantenay carrots are a specialty carrot that Campbell used in the majority of its soups, due its bright color and its texture, and to maintain a uniform appearance in its soups that contain diced carrots. Campbell furnished the seeds for Chantenay carrots to growers that it contracted with to grow the carrots. During the 1947 season, Chantenay carrots were extremely difficult to obtain and prices climbed dramatically. Wentz refused to deliver the carrots to Campbell at the contract price and instead sold the carrots to a neighboring farmer, who resold the carrots at market price, half of which were purchased by Campbell. Campbell stopped purchasing the carrots because it suspected it was purchasing the same carrots it had contracted to purchase from Wentz. Campbell brought an action for breach against Wentz, seeking an injunction against further sale of the carrots to other purchasers and specific performance of the contract. The trial court found that the carrots were not unique goods and denied equitable relief. Campbell appealed.

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Holding and Reasoning (Goodrich, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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