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Campbell v. Indiana

Supreme Court of Indiana
284 N.E.2d 733 (1973)


Facts

Dewain Campbell (plaintiff) filed a negligence suit against the State of Indiana (the State) (defendant), after he sustained serious injuries in a head-on car accident. Campbell alleged that the State failed to mark a state-maintained highway with a yellow line designating where it was unsafe to pass another vehicle and failed to erect signs instructing travelers not to pass on certain parts of the highway. In a separate action, Harry Knotts, Jr. (plaintiff) filed a negligence suit against the City of Indianapolis and the State of Indiana (defendants) after he fell and injured himself on a crosswalk. Knotts claimed that the city and the State failed to maintain the crosswalk properly. In both cases, the trial courts dismissed the complaints on the basis of the doctrine of sovereign immunity. Campbell and Knotts appealed. In each case, the court of appeals affirmed the judgments of the trial courts. Campbell and Knotts petitioned the Supreme Court of Indiana for review. The cases were consolidated for review by the Supreme Court of Indiana.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Arterburn, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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