Cardinal Chemical Co. v. Morton International, Inc.
United States Supreme Court
508 U.S. 83 (1993)
Morton International, Inc. (Morton) (plaintiff) owned two patents on chemical compounds. Morton sued Cardinal Chemical Co. (Cardinal) (defendant) and its affiliates in federal court in South Carolina for infringing on those patents. Cardinal denied infringing on the patents and filed a counterclaim for a declaratory judgment that the patents were invalid. Prior to trial, Morton filed two other lawsuits, one in Louisiana and one in Delaware, against other alleged infringers of the same patents. Both of those defendants also filed counterclaims for declaratory judgments on the validity of the patents. The Louisiana case was the first to be tried and resulted in a judgment for the defendant finding no infringement and declaring the patents invalid. On appeal, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed the finding of no infringement but vacated the judgment of invalidity without deciding the merits. In this case, the South Carolina trial court also found no infringement and declared the patents to be invalid. Again, on appeal, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit affirmed the finding of no infringement and vacated the declaratory judgment. Cardinal then petitioned the United States Supreme Court for review.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)
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