Case Concerning the Territorial Dispute (Libya/Chad)
International Court of Justice
1994 I.C.J. 6 (February 3)
The Aouzou Strip (the Strip) is a narrow piece of land located on the border between Chad (defendant) and Libya (plaintiff). Although the Strip is both economically and militarily valueless, Chad and Libya became embroiled in conflict over the location of their common border and title to the Strip after Libya’s independence from Italian colonial rule and Chad’s independence from French colonial rule. Chad argued that the border was established by the 1955 Treaty of Friendship and Good Neighbourliness (the Treaty) between Libya and France, in which Libya acquiesced to France’s claims regarding the borders of Libya’s African colonial possessions. Libya contended that the Treaty was invalid, arguing that Libya’s king had been coerced into signing the Treaty and that the Treaty did not recognize the Chad-Libya border at all. The Treaty did contain provisions allowing either party to terminate the Treaty after 20 years. Diplomatic negotiations broke down after Libya set up a military occupation of the Strip. Libya then invaded and occupied Chad, including land both inside and outside the Strip. In 1983, with Libya still occupying the Strip, the Chad government asked the United Nations Security Council to require Libya’s withdrawal. In 1989, after two more years of negotiations, Chad and Libya agreed to resolve the border dispute within one year using political methods. Chad and Libya also agreed to submit the dispute to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for a decision if they failed. After failed negotiations, Chad and Libya called upon the ICJ to determine their shared border.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning ()
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 726,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 726,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 45,700 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.