From our private database of 13,300+ case briefs...
Caterpillar Inc. v. Lewis
United States Supreme Court
519 U.S. 61 (1996)
James David Lewis (plaintiff), a Kentucky resident, was injured while operating a bulldozer. Lewis filed a lawsuit against Caterpillar Inc. (Caterpillar) and Whayne Supply Company (Whayne) in state court alleging defective manufacturing, negligent maintenance, failure to warn, and breach of warranty. Caterpillar (defendant) was a Delaware corporation that manufactured the bulldozer. Whayne was a Kentucky corporation that maintained the bulldozer. Several months after the suit was filed, Liberty Mutual, a Massachusetts corporation, intervened as a plaintiff. Before trial commenced, Lewis settled with Whayne. Subsequently, Caterpillar motioned to remove the lawsuit from state court to federal court on the grounds of diversity of citizenship. Caterpillar argued that the settlement eliminated Whayne as a defendant and thus created complete diversity between the defendant and the plaintiffs. Lewis objected to the removal arguing that Liberty Mutual had not settled its claims against Whayne and thus Whayne remained a defendant to the suit, defeating complete diversity. The federal district court granted Caterpillar’s request for removal. After the grant of removal, Liberty Mutual and Whayne settled. After a jury trial Lewis’s suit against Caterpillar was dismissed. The court of appeals vacated the district court's judgment and held that the district court should not have granted removal because Whayne was still a party to the action at that time. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Ginsburg, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 136,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,300 briefs, keyed to 182 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.