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Central Front Partial Award—Ethiopia’s Claims

Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission
43 I.L.M. 1275 (2004)


Soldiers on both sides of the Eritrea-Ethiopia War raped civilians. Rapes occurred especially frequently where large numbers of troops were stationed for long periods of time near large civilian populations, which had disproportionate numbers of women, children, and elderly people during wartime. Two areas along the Central Front region experienced high numbers of these opportunistic rapes: Irob Wereda in Ethiopia and Senafe Town in Eritrea. After the war, Eritrea and Ethiopia (claimants) both brought claims before the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission asserting that the sexual violence violated human rights. Both sides agreed that civilian rape by occupying forces violated customary international law under the Geneva Conventions. But neither side suggested that the other used rape, other sexual violence, or forced pregnancy as an instrument of war.

Rule of Law


Holding and Reasoning

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