United States Supreme Court
520 U.S. 305 (1997)
The State of Georgia is the only state that conditions an individual’s candidacy for state office on passing a drug test. Any candidate must submit the urinalysis drug test within 30 days prior to qualifying for nomination or election, and the results must be negative, indicating no drug use. The proscribed substances include marijuana, cocaine, and opiates. Libertarian party nominees for state office in 1994 (plaintiffs) requested declaratory and injunctive relief from the state statute mandating the drug test prior to taking office. The district court entered final judgment for the defendants. The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit upheld the statute, stating, among other reasons, that those seeking higher office in Georgia have a “diminished expectation of privacy.”
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Ginsburg, J.)
Dissent (Rehnquist, C.J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 203,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,000 briefs, keyed to 188 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.