From our private database of 26,900+ case briefs...
Chemical Manufacturers Association v. NRDC
United States Supreme Court
470 U.S. 116 (1985)
The Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. (NRDC) (plaintiff), a non-profit entity, filed a petition in federal court seeking review of an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (defendant) rule that allowed “fundamentally different factor” (FDF) variances to be issued to indirect dischargers of toxic pollutants in certain circumstances. The NRDC claimed EPA’s rule was promulgated in contravention to § 301(l) of the Clean Water Act (CWA), as amended in 1977, which provided that the EPA Administrator could “not modify any requirements” in the section as it pertained to toxic pollutants. Chemical Manufacturers Association and EPA argued that § 301(l) prohibited only those modifications mentioned in other provisions of the section. The court of appeals held for NRDC and found EPA’s rule was barred by the statute. The U.S. Supreme Court granted certiorari to review.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, J.)
Dissent (Marshall, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 541,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 541,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 26,900 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.