The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) filed a complaint against Cinderella Career and Finishing Schools, Inc. (Cinderella) (defendant) to obtain an order directing Cinderella to cease and desist from engaging in certain allegedly unfair and deceptive trade practices. A sixteen-day hearing was held. The hearing examiner than ruled that the charges in the complaint should be dismissed. The FTC complaint counsel appealed to the full Commission, and oral argument was held. The full Commission reversed the hearing officer on six or the original thirteen counts. Cinderella then appealed to the District of Columbia Circuit on several grounds, one of them being that the Chairman of the FTC, Paul Rand Dixon, was biased. While the appeal from the hearing officer’s decision was pending before him, Dixon made a speech in which he made comments indicating that he believed that practices like Cinderella’s were unfair and deceptive.