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City of Cleveland v. State
Ohio Supreme Court
942 N.E.2d 370 (2010)
The City of Cleveland (plaintiff) enacted several ordinances—that is, laws specific to the city—that regulated firearms. Later, the state of Ohio (defendant) enacted a law that recognized the individual right to keep and bear arms as a fundamental constitutional right that could only be regulated by state or federal law. The city brought suit, citing an article of the Ohio Constitution that protected municipalities’ home-rule power—that is, the authority to regulate matters of local significance. The city conceded that the ordinance was an exercise of police power that conflicted with the state law. The trial court held that the state law was a general law—i.e., a law that promotes statewide uniformity—and that it did not violate the home-rule amendment of the state constitution. The court of appeals reversed, based in part on a conclusion that because the law failed to address several aspects of gun control, the law did not constitute comprehensive, statewide legislation. Therefore, the court of appeals held, the law was not a general law and constituted a violation of home rule. The state appealed to the Ohio Supreme Court.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Lundberg, J.)
Dissent (Pfeifer, J)
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