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City of New York v. State of New York

86 N.Y.2d 286, 631 N.Y.S.2d 553, 655 N.E.2d 649 (1995)

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City of New York v. State of New York

New York Court of Appeals

86 N.Y.2d 286, 631 N.Y.S.2d 553, 655 N.E.2d 649 (1995)

Facts

The City of New York, the board of education, the mayor, and the chancellor of the city school district (city) (plaintiffs) sued New York State (state) (defendant) for declaratory and injunctive relief. The city alleged that the state’s public-school financing scheme denied the city’s school children their educational rights in violation of the Education Article of the state constitution; provided separate and unequal treatment to the city’s public-school children in violation of the Equal Protection Clauses of the federal and state constitutions; and disparately impacted school children of racial and ethnic minorities in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII). The court dismissed the suit based on the city’s lack of legal capacity to sue the state. The city appealed.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Levine, J.)

Dissent (Ciparick, J.)

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