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City of Philadelphia v. New Jersey

United States Supreme Court
437 U.S. 617 (1978)


Facts

In 1974, New Jersey passed a law that prohibited other states from shipping their waste across its borders and depositing the waste in New Jersey landfills. New Jersey stated that the purpose for the regulation was to preserve its environment, as well as not overburden its landfills and thus increase the costs of waste disposal for New Jersey residents. The City of Philadelphia, other cities, and owners of private landfills in New Jersey (plaintiffs) brought suit in state court against New Jersey (defendant) on the grounds that the New Jersey law was an unconstitutional restriction on interstate commerce. The New Jersey Supreme Court upheld the statute, and the City of Philadelphia appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

Rule of Law

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Issue

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Holding and Reasoning (Stewart, J.)

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  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
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  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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Dissent (Rehnquist, J.)

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