From our private database of 28,700+ case briefs...
Clackamas Gastroenterology Assoc., P.C. v. Wells
United States Supreme Court
538 U.S. 440 (2003)
Deborah Wells (plaintiff) worked as a bookkeeper for Clackamas Gastroenterology Associates, P.C. (defendant). After her termination, Wells sued, alleging the clinic violated the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which applies to any employer with at least 15 employees. The clinic had less than 15, unless the four physicians who practiced medicine as the clinic’s shareholders and directors counted as employees. The clinic claimed its doctors were not employees, so the ADA did not apply. The trial court applied an economic realities test used by Seventh Circuit courts to find the doctors more like partners in a partnership than employees and granted the clinic summary judgment. Wells appealed, and the Ninth Circuit reversed, noting that the Second Circuit had rejected the economic realities test. The Supreme Court granted review to resolve the split among the circuits.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stevens, J.)
Dissent (Ginsburg, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 546,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 546,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 28,700 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.