Raymond Clark (plaintiff) was a custom farmer who contracted to plow or pre-plant farmland for compensation based on the number of acres. Clark purchased a tractor from McVey’s, Inc. (McVey’s) (defendant) that was manufactured by International Harvester Company (IHC) (defendant). Subsequently, Clark sued McVey’s and IHC for breach of express and implied warranties and for negligent design and manufacture, alleging that a design defect in the tractor engine’s valve train and the negligent manufacture or assembly of the torque amplifier had caused Clark to lose profits and incur repair costs. The defendants moved for summary judgment. The trial court granted partial summary judgment on the express-warranty and implied-warranty claims. After a bench trial, the trial court found for Clark on the negligence claim and awarded him $24,246.00 for lost profits during downtime and $2,112.00 for repair costs. IHC appealed.