Cleveland Board of Education v. LaFleur
United States Supreme Court
414 U.S. 632 (1974)
The maternity-leave and return policies of the Board of Education of Cleveland, Ohio (Cleveland BOE) (defendant) require a pregnant teacher to (1) give advance notice of her pregnancy, (2) take mandatory unpaid leave starting five months before her due date, (3) refrain from being eligible to return to work until the baby is three months old, and (4) provide medical certification that she is physically fit to return to work after such three-month period. The maternity-leave and return policies of the School Board of Chesterfield County, Virginia (Chesterfield County BOE) (defendant) requires a pregnant teacher to (1) give advance notice of her pregnancy, (2) take mandatory unpaid leave starting four months before her due date, and (3) provide medical certification that she is physically fit to return to work after delivering. Both school boards limit the ability of teachers to return to work in the middle of a school term. Jo Carol LaFleur (plaintiff) and Ann Elizabeth Nelson (plaintiff) sued the Cleveland BOE for violating their constitutional rights. Susan Cohen (plaintiff) sued the Chesterfield County BOE. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to resolve a split among the United States Courts of Appeal.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Stewart, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 166,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.