Quimbee logo
DMCA.com Protection Status

Clifford v. Commonwealth

7 S.W.3d 371 (1999)

Case BriefRelatedOptions
From our private database of 33,800+ case briefs...

Clifford v. Commonwealth

Kentucky Supreme Court

7 S.W.3d 371 (1999)

Facts

Clifford (defendant) was an African American male convicted of trafficking a controlled substance. Before Clifford’s arrest, a recording via a wiretap was made of a conversation between a White, male undercover police officer, a White, male informant, and two other individuals. Because the recording was largely inaudible, it was not admitted into evidence, but the officer who was listening to the conversation via surveillance equipment, Darin Smith, was allowed to testify as to what he heard. Smith testified that he heard the voices of the undercover police officer, which he recognized, another male, a female, and a Black male. Smith testified that he was familiar with Black male voices based on his 13 years of experience as a police officer. Clifford’s counsel cross-examined Smith at length about the difference between a Black male’s voice and a White male’s voice, but Smith could not answer many of the questions. Clifford himself never testified, and no evidence was offered about the sound of his voice or whether he had a certain accent or speech pattern. Following his conviction, Clifford appealed on the ground that Smith should not have been permitted to testify that he heard a Black male’s voice.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Cooper, J.)

Dissent (Stumbo, J.)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 606,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 606,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 33,800 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 606,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 33,800 briefs - keyed to 984 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership