William Sullivan was the president of the New England Patriots (Patriots) (defendant) and had operating control of the franchise. However, in 1974, the other stockholders voted him out of his presidency and he lost his operating control. He still owned a significant amount of shares and by the end of 1975, he obtained ownership or control of all 100,000 voting shares in the Patriots. He then voted out all of the directors that had voted him out, elected a new board, and resumed his presidency. In order to pay for all of these shares, Sullivan was granted loans for over $5 million on the condition that the Patriots franchise would be reorganized to divert its income to the payment of the loans. In order to make this happen, Sullivan had to get rid of all nonvoting shares in the franchise. He thus organized a new corporation, the New Patriots Football Club, Inc. (New Patriots), and the Patriots and the New Patriots executed a merger agreement that provided that upon the merger, the nonvoting stock of the Patriots would be cashed out. The agreement also required Sullivan to give 100 percent of his stock to the combined entity. The merger was approved by the nonvoting stockholders of the Patriots. David Coggins (plaintiff) owned 10 shares of nonvoting stock in the Patriots. He voted against the merger and brought a class action suit on the grounds that its consummation was unfair and illegal. The Massachusetts Superior Court found in favor of Coggins and ruled that his class was entitled to rescissory damages. The Patriots appealed.