Milo M. (defendant) was a 12-year-old student. Milo was sitting in the hallway of his school, waiting on the principal to arrive, when a teacher noticed a drawing and took it from Milo. The drawing showed Milo shooting Mrs. F, Milo’s teacher. The drawing was shown to Mrs. F. Milo then drew another picture. The second picture was similar and showed Mrs. F pleading not to be killed. Milo went to the doorway of the classroom, looked at Mrs. F, and asked her if she wanted the second picture too. Milo’s demeanor at the time was angry. Another student took the picture and brought it to Mrs. F. After Mrs. F looked at the picture, she became afraid for her safety. Milo was suspended immediately and sent home, but he was seen loitering near Mrs. F’s car at the end of that school day. Milo was charged with threatening Mrs. F in violation of Massachusetts law. The juvenile court judge adjudicated Milo delinquent for threatening Mrs. F, and Milo appealed the decision.