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Communities for Equity v. Michigan High School Athletic Assn.

United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan
1999 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5780 (W.D. Mich. 1999)


Facts

Female students of Michigan High School (plaintiffs) sued the Michigan High School Athletic Association (MHSAA) for gender discrimination under Title IX of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 for such acts as refusing to sanction girls’ ice hockey and water polo, requiring that the plaintiffs play their sports in non-traditional seasons, and allocating more resources for the support and promotion of male sport programs than for female programs. Communities for Equity (Communities) petitioned for class certification, defining the class as “all present and future female students enrolled in MHSAA member schools who participate in interscholastic athletics or who are deterred from participating in interscholastic athletics because of MHSAA’s discriminatory conduct and who are adversely affected by that conduct.”

Rule of Law

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Issue

The issue section includes the dispositive legal issue in the case phrased as a question. To access this section, start your 7-day free trial of Quimbee for Law Students.

Holding and Reasoning (Enslen, C.J.)

The holding and reasoning section includes:

  • A “yes” or “no” answer to the question framed in the issue section;
  • A summary of the majority or plurality opinion, using the CREAC method; and
  • The procedural disposition (e.g. reversed and remanded, affirmed, etc.).

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