Cooper v. Aaron
United States Supreme Court
358 U.S. 1 (1958)
In Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), the United States Supreme Court held that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional and ordered the desegregation of public schools in the southern United States. An Arkansas federal district court, relying on Brown, ordered the desegregation of schools in Little Rock, Arkansas. The Little Rock school board was unable to comply with that decree after the Governor of Arkansas blocked African American students from attending a segregated school by calling in the National Guard. The district court issued an injunction against the Governor, and African American students were eventually permitted to attend desegregated schools with the protection of federal troops. The Little Rock school board, represented by Cooper (plaintiff), brought suit in federal district court seeking a postponement of the desegregation plan in the state due to the uneasy circumstances present. The suit was challenged by Aaron (defendant), representing African American children in Arkansas. The district court granted relief, but the court of appeals reversed. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Warren, C.J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 166,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 13,800 briefs, keyed to 187 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.