Criminal Proceedings against Jean-Claude Levy

Case C-158/91, ECR 1-4287 (1993)

From our private database of 45,900+ case briefs, written and edited by humans—never with AI.

Criminal Proceedings against Jean-Claude Levy

European Union Court of Justice
Case C-158/91, ECR 1-4287 (1993)

Facts

Jean-Claude Levy (defendant) employed 23 women on the night shift of his French company, Nouvelle Falor SA. Under a multi-country convention (the ILO convention) adopted by the International Labour Organization (ILO), employing women at night was prohibited. France ratified the convention, making the convention’s terms part of French law. Subsequently, the European Economic Community (EEC), of which France was a member, adopted a treaty (the EEC treaty) that prohibited the unequal treatment of men and women in employment, vocational training, promotion, and working conditions. France (plaintiff) prosecuted Levy under French law, and Levy challenged the prosecution, asserting that French law violated the EEC treaty and was therefore invalid. The French trial court referred the matter to the European Union Court of Justice (EUCJ) on whether the EEC treaty trumped the preexisting ILO convention.

Rule of Law

Issue

Holding and Reasoning (Per curiam)

What to do next…

  1. Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.

    You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 736,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.

    Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
  2. Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.

    Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.

    Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee

Here's why 736,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:

  • Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 45,900 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
  • The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
  • Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
  • Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership
Here's why 736,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
  • Reliable - written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students
  • The right length and amount of information - includes the facts, issue, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents
  • Access in your class - works on your mobile and tablet
  • 45,900 briefs - keyed to 984 casebooks
  • Uniform format for every case brief
  • Written in plain English - not in legalese and not just repeating the court's language
  • Massive library of related video lessons - and practice questions
  • Top-notch customer support

Access this case brief for FREE

With a 7-day free trial membership