From our private database of 30,900+ case briefs...
Department of the Interior and Bureau of Indian Affairs v. Klamath Water Users Protective Association
Supreme Court of the United States
532 U.S. 1 (2001)
A federal irrigation project in the Klamath River basin required the United States Department of the Interior (defendant) to allocate scarce water rights among competing water users, including Indian tribes and non-tribal users. Under federal Indian law, the Interior department and its Bureau of Indian Affairs (defendant) were fiduciaries for Indian tribal interests. Both agencies consulted with tribes affected by the irrigation project. The tribes advocated for their interests during these consultations. The Klamath Water Users Protective Association (plaintiff), one of the competitors for water-allocation rights, filed federal Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests to obtain copies of agency and tribal documents relating to the consultations. The agencies withheld seven documents as intra-agency attorney work product and deliberative-process documents protected from disclosure by FOIA's Exemption 5. Tribal representatives prepared six of the seven documents. The association sued the agencies to obtain the withheld documents. A federal district court granted summary judgment for the agencies. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Souter, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 553,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 553,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 30,900 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.