DTE Energy Technologies, Inc. v. Briggs Electric, Inc.
United States District Court, Eastern District of Michigan
2007 WL 674321 (2007)
In May 2002, DTE Energy Technologies, Inc. (DTE) (plaintiff), a Michigan corporation, began negotiations with Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian (Hoag) for the sale of electric generator systems to be used in Hoag’s construction project. Hoag’s general contractor instructed DTE to negotiate the sale with a subcontractor. Briggs Electric, Inc. (Briggs) (defendant) won the subcontract. On October 21, 2003, Briggs sent DTE a purchase order requesting electric generator systems. On November 10, 2003, DTE forwarded an email to Briggs that DTE’s president had previously sent to Hoag. The email indicated DTE’s intent to accept Briggs’ offer to purchase the products contained in its purchase order. On December 4, 2003, DTE sent an order acknowledgement to Briggs. Attached to the order acknowledgement was a list of standard terms containing a forum selection clause. The forum selection clause was not part of Briggs’ original purchase order, and required all potential disputes between Briggs and DTE to be resolved under Michigan law, by a Michigan court. After this correspondence, DTE brought suit against Briggs in Michigan state court on the ground that Briggs breached its contractual obligation to pay DTE $880,000 for electric generator systems provided by DTE. Briggs submitted a demand for mediation of its dispute with DTE, as well as a declaration of the rights and obligations of both parties in a California court. Briggs argued that its purchase order sent on October 21, 2003 constituted an offer, and that DTE accepted the offer via conduct when it emailed Hoag on November 10th. DTE argued that its order acknowledgement containing the forum selection clause, sent on December 4, 2003 constituted an offer, and that Briggs is contractually bound by the forum selection clause. Briggs states that it did not agree to the forum selection clause, and thus should not be bound by its terms.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Duggan, J.)