Edmonds Institute v. Bruce Babbitt, Secretary of the Interior
United States District Court for the District of Columbia
93 F. Supp. 2d 63 (2000)
The United States entered into a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) with Diversa Corporation. The CRADA allowed Diversa to conduct bioprospecting research at Yellowstone National Park (Yellowstone) in exchange for paying an annual fee and royalties from any commercial use derived from the bioprospecting activities. The Edmonds Institute (Edmonds) (plaintiff) was a nonprofit public-interest organization that advocated for the protection of biodiversity. Edmonds and two other organizations sued Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt (defendant) and the director of the United States National Park Service. Edmonds alleged that the CRADA violated the Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 (FTTA), a law created to improve access to federal laboratories by nonfederal organizations, including for research supporting commercial activities. Edmonds argued that Yellowstone was not a laboratory as defined under the FTTA and therefore the act prohibited the CRADA’s commercial activities and royalty structure. Babbitt argued that a substantial portion of Yellowstone’s work and employee base was devoted to research, with over 40 employees focused on research specifically, and that the FTTA did not require that an entire facility be devoted to research to be considered a laboratory. Both parties filed motions for summary judgment.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Lamberth, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 710,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 710,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 44,600 briefs, keyed to 983 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.