Edwards (defendant) was arrested for robbery, burglary, and first-degree murder. He was informed of his Miranda rights and agreed to answer the officers’ questions. After some questioning, during which Edwards made no incriminating statements, Edwards invoked his right to have a lawyer present. He was then taken to jail. The next day, two officers came to the jail to see Edwards. Edwards said he did not want to see the officers, but the prison guard said he had to talk to them. The officers read Edwards his Miranda rights and Edwards agreed to answer their questions, this time incriminating himself. The trial court allowed Edwards’ statement to be admitted at trial, holding that the statement made at the prison was voluntary. Edwards was convicted. On appeal, the state supreme court held that Edwards had invoked his right to remain silent and his right to counsel the first time he was interrogated, but that he had effectively waived both those rights when the police came to the jail, and he voluntarily answered their questions. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari.