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Eldredge v. Carpenters 46 Northern California Counties Joint Apprenticeship and Training Committee
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
662 F.2d 534 (1981), cert. denied, 459 U.S. 917 (1982)
The parties to the master collective-bargaining agreements for the construction industry in Northern California maintained and contributed to a trust fund. The Carpenters 46 Northern California Counties Joint Apprenticeship and Training Committee (JATC) (defendant), comprised of both labor and management representatives, served as board of trustees for the trust fund. JATC established and maintained educational and training programs for construction-industry apprentices and journeymen. The trust fund agreement authorized JATC to structure its training programs in any way it saw fit and to select the candidates for its programs. JATC chose to implement the “unrestricted hunting license” system, under which beginning apprentices were admitted to the training program only after they had been hired by an employer. Two women, Linda Eldredge and Christine Mazur (plaintiffs) sued, alleging that this system resulted in illegal sex discrimination. The district court ordered the joinder of the 4,500 employers and 60 union locals who were parties to the master collective-bargaining agreements, concluding that they were indispensable to the litigation. When joinder proved impossible, the district court dismissed the case. Eldredge and Mazur appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Fletcher, J.)
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