United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
644 F.Supp. 1089 (1986)
Wild Oats, Inc. (Wild Oats) (defendant) was a screen-printing company that primarily made t-shirts. The art director at Wild Oats found a photograph of Central Park in a copyrighted book of photographs by photographer Ruth Orkin Engel. Wild Oats manufactured 2,500 shirts with a silkscreen of the Central Park photograph on them. Wild Oats earned nearly $2 million in profits from the sale of these shirts. Ruth’s daughter, Mary Engel (plaintiff), sued Wild Oats for copyright infringement on behalf of Ruth’s estate. Wild Oats conceded that it had committed copyright infringement. However, Wild Oats argued that: (1) damages should be actual damages and (2) the amount should be determined using the profits that Wild Oats had made from selling the infringing shirts. Mary argued that because of the difficulty of determining actual damages, including reputational damage to her mother, statutory damages were appropriate.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (Carter, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 97,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Vanderbilt, Berkeley, and the University of Illinois—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students. Read our student testimonials.
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students. Read more about Quimbee.
Here's why 220,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 14,100 briefs, keyed to 189 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.