From our private database of 35,400+ case briefs...
Environmental Protection Agency v. National Crushed Stone Association
United States Supreme Court
449 U.S. 64 (1980)
Pursuant to the Clean Water Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (plaintiff) set nation-wide 1977 Best Practicable Control Standard (BPT) and 1987 Best Available Technology Economically Achievable Standard (BAT) effluent-pollution discharge limits for the coal-mining industry and for the mineral mining and processing industry. For the 1977 BPT standard, the EPA included a variance provision that did not take the economic ability of an individual discharger into account but did allow for a variance if the discharger could show that the cost to implement the BPT standard would be substantially greater than what the EPA had considered in setting the national standard. However, for the 1987 BAT standard, as per Section 301(c) of the Clean Water Act (CWA), the EPA allowed variances based on the economic ability of an individual discharger to meet the BAT standard. The National Crushed Stone Association (NCSA) (defendant) challenged the BPT variance provision, arguing that an individual discharger’s economic ability to meet the BPT standard must be considered. The court of appeals ruled in favor of NCSA and held that Section 301(c) must also be applied to BPT variances, and that the EPA’s BPT variance language was too restrictive. The EPA appealed.
Rule of Law
Holding and Reasoning (White, J.)
What to do next…
Unlock this case brief with a free (no-commitment) trial membership of Quimbee.
You’ll be in good company: Quimbee is one of the most widely used and trusted sites for law students, serving more than 617,000 law students since 2011. Some law schools—such as Yale, Berkeley, and Northwestern—even subscribe directly to Quimbee for all their law students.Unlock this case briefRead our student testimonials
Learn more about Quimbee’s unique (and proven) approach to achieving great grades at law school.
Quimbee is a company hell-bent on one thing: helping you get an “A” in every course you take in law school, so you can graduate at the top of your class and get a high-paying law job. We’re not just a study aid for law students; we’re the study aid for law students.Learn about our approachRead more about Quimbee
Here's why 617,000 law students have relied on our case briefs:
- Written by law professors and practitioners, not other law students. 35,400 briefs, keyed to 984 casebooks. Top-notch customer support.
- The right amount of information, includes the facts, issues, rule of law, holding and reasoning, and any concurrences and dissents.
- Access in your classes, works on your mobile and tablet. Massive library of related video lessons and high quality multiple-choice questions.
- Easy to use, uniform format for every case brief. Written in plain English, not in legalese. Our briefs summarize and simplify; they don’t just repeat the court’s language.